Cotton is a crop that is mainly grown in subtropical countries such as Turkey, Pakistan and India, but also in the USA. Cotton has a long growing season, which is why catch crops are generally avoided for reasons of profitability. This reduces the quality of the soil.
The following highly recommended video gives a good insight into the effects of conventional cotton cultivation and the existing opportunities through sustainable agriculture.
In conventional cultivation, high cotton yields are only possible with the heavy use of chemicals.
A few facts about this:
Therefore, the cultivation of cotton has the reputation of being ecologically particularly incompatible. A rethink has been taking place since the early 1990s. More and more producers are switching to environmentally friendly production.
This is characterized by the use of genetically unmodified plants and the absence of artificial chemicals and fertilizers.
This type of management is now practiced in over 24 countries, and global production is showing annual growth rates of over 50%.
Seals for compliance with certain environmental standards are, for example, GOTS (Global Organic Textile Standard) and Ökotex, more information about the certificates.
The seals for organic cotton almost always contain standards regarding the social acceptability of trading in cotton, cotton products and their processing. In the same way, special certificates for fair trade and fair production do not ignore certain environmental standards. Fair and organic go hand in hand and cannot be separated.
More than 100 million households worldwide are involved in cotton production. The poor working conditions in India, Bangladesh, Pakistan and other countries are well known. However, various organizations and producers have made it their task to also strengthen the weaker links in the production chain. The Fair Wear Foundation (FWF for short) is one of the most important institutions in the clothing sector. The foundation checks whether the actors united under it implement the strict guidelines.